A long standing interest in the lab is the effects of verbalization on non-verbal cognition. In an initial series of studies, Schooler & Engstler-Schooler, (1990) found that verbal rehearsal of a previously seen face or color markedly impaired subsequent recognition. Since the discovery of this source of memory interference, termed “verbal overshadowing”, we conducted extensive research to better understand when and why verbal overshadowing occurs. For verbal overshadowing materials please see this link: https://osf.io/ybeur/
Several of the questions that we have investigated include:
- Introspecting in the spirit of William James: comment on Fox, Ericsson, and Best (2010).
- Why do words hurt? content, process, and criterion shift accounts of verbal overshadowing
- Skimming the surface: Verbal overshadowing of analogical retrieval
- Perceptual and conceptual expertise mediate the verbal overshadowing effect in a training paradigm.
- The pursuit and monitoring of happiness can be self-defeating
- How did you get here from there? Verbal overshadowing of spatial mental models
- Verbalization produces a transfer inappropriate processing shift
- Verbal overshadowing of visual memories: Some things are better left unsaid
- Turning the Lens of Science on Itself Verbal Overshadowing, Replication, and Metascience