Friends or foes: infants use shared evaluations to infer others' social relationships.

TitleFriends or foes: infants use shared evaluations to infer others' social relationships.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsLiberman Z, Kinzler KD, Woodward AL
JournalJ Exp Psychol Gen
Volume143
Issue3
Pagination966-71
Date Published2014 Jun
ISSN1939-2222
KeywordsFemale, Humans, Infant, Infant Behavior, Interpersonal Relations, Male, Social Perception
Abstract

Predicting others' affiliative relationships is critical to social cognition, but there is little evidence of how this ability develops. We examined 9-month-old infants' inferences about 3rd-party affiliation based on shared and opposing evaluations. Infants expected 2 people who expressed shared evaluations to interact positively, whereas they expected 2 people who expressed opposing evaluations to interact negatively. A control condition revealed that infants' expectations could not be due to mere perceptual repetition. Thus, an abstract understanding that 3rd-party affiliation can be based on shared intentions has roots in the 1st year of life. These findings have implications for understanding humans' earliest representations of the social world.

DOI10.1037/a0034481
Alternate JournalJ Exp Psychol Gen
PubMed ID24059843
PubMed Central IDPMC3962805
Grant ListR01 HD070890 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
R01HD070890 / HD / NICHD NIH HHS / United States
Files: 
PDF icon PDF