|Title||Wealth, health, and the moderating role of implicit social class bias|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Authors||John-Henderson N, Jacobs EG, Mendoza-Denton R, Francis DD|
|Journal||Ann Behav Med|
|Date Published||2013 Apr|
|Keywords||Adolescent, Adult, Biological Markers, Body Mass Index, Depression, Female, Health Status, Humans, Interleukin-6, Male, Prejudice, Social Class, Socioeconomic Factors|
BACKGROUND: Subjective social status (captured by the MacArthur Scale of Subjective Social Status) is in many cases a stronger predictor of health outcomes than objective socioeconomic status (SES).
PURPOSE: The study aims to test whether implicit beliefs about social class moderate the relationship between subjective social status and inflammation.
METHODS: We measured implicit social class bias, subjective social status, SES, and baseline levels of interleukin-6 (IL-6), a marker of inflammation, in 209 healthy adults.
RESULTS: Implicit social class bias significantly moderated the relationship between subjective social status and levels of IL-6, with a stronger implicit association between the concepts "lower class" and "bad" predicting greater levels of IL-6.
CONCLUSIONS: Implicit social class bias moderates the relationship between subjective social status and health outcomes via regulation of levels of the inflammatory cytokine IL-6. High implicit social class bias, particularly when one perceives oneself as having low social standing, may increase vulnerability to inflammatory processes.
|Alternate Journal||Ann Behav Med|