Goals, emotions, and the effort to be responsive during couple interactions

TitleGoals, emotions, and the effort to be responsive during couple interactions
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2019
AuthorsLin W-F, Gosnell CL, Gable SL
JournalMotivation and Emotion
Date PublishedApr 01
ISBN Number0146-7239, 0146-7239
Keywords3020:Group & Interpersonal Processes, Adulthood (18 yrs & older), article, couple interactions, Couples, emotions, Empirical Study, Female, goals, Human, Interpersonal Interaction, Interpersonal Relationships, Male, Perceived responsiveness, Quantitative Study, US

Previous research has shown that perceived responsiveness benefits psychological and relationship well-being. Perceived responsiveness is, at least partly, a function of how responsiveness the partner intended to be during the interaction. Relatively little is known about what factors make people intend to be more or less responsive to their partners. In two studies, we examined whether individuals’ experienced emotion and underlying relationship goals were linked to their intended responsiveness. Across two studies, both experienced positive emotion and approach goals predicted higher intended responsiveness, whereas experienced negative emotions predicted lower intended responsiveness. In addition, Study 2 also showed that people with strong approach goals intended to provide more responsiveness when they experienced more positive emotions. In contrast, the negative association between experienced negative emotions and intended responsiveness was stronger for low avoidance individuals than for high avoidance individuals. Our findings highlight that experienced positive and negative emotions may provide different information relavant to an individuals’ intended responsiveness depending on their relationship goals. (PsycInfo Database Record (c) 2020 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: journal abstract)

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